Amazon Best Buy Kitchen & Home Appliances

Effect of Air Pollution – Acidification

What are the effects of air pollution?


Basic Air Pollution Facts

Below are some random facts and info on environmental pollution.

Pollutants factsWHO reports that in 2012 around 7 million people died – one in eight of total global deaths – as a result of air pollution exposure. This finding more than doubles previous estimates and confirms that air pollution is now the world’s largest single environmental health risk. Reducing air pollution could save millions of lives.

(25 March, 2014, Geneva, WHO Media Release, Accessed May 20, 2017. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2014/air-pollution/en/

Pollutants factsAir pollutants (dangerous things that make the air unclean)come in the form of gases or particles.

Pollutants facts It is estimated that you breathe 20,000 liters of air each day. This means the more polluted the air is, the more we breathe into our lungs dangerous chemicals.

Pollutants factsAir can be polluted both indoors and outdoors. Tobacco and other kinds of smoking are examples of indoor air pollution.

Pollutants factsSick Building Syndrome is a health condition related to pesticides, insecticides and chemicals we use at home and offices.

Pollutants factsIn the great “Smog Disaster” in London in 1952, four thousand people died in a few days due to the high concentrations of pollution.

Acidification:

Chemical reactions involving air pollutants can create acidic compounds which can cause harm to vegetation and buildings. Sometimes, when an air pollutant, such as sulfuric acid combines with the water droplets that make up clouds, the water droplets become acidic, forming acid rain. When acid rain falls over an area, it can kill trees and harm animals, fish, and other wildlife. 

Acid rain destroys the leaves of plants.
When acid rain infiltrates into soils, it changes the chemistry of the soil making it unfit for many living things that depend on the soil as a habitat or for nutrition. Acid rain also changes the chemistry of the lakes and streams that the rainwater flows into, harming fish and other aquatic life.

Eutrophication:
Rain can carry and deposit the Nitrogen in some pollutants on rivers and soils. This will adversely affect the nutrients in the soil and water bodies. This can result in algae growth in lakes and water bodies, and make conditions for other living organisms harmful.

Ground-level ozone:
Chemical reactions involving air pollutants create a poisonous gas ozone (O3). Gas Ozone can affect people’s health and can damage vegetation types and some animal life too.

Particulate matter:
Air pollutants can be in the form of particulate matter which can be very harmful to our health. The level of effect usually depends on the length of time of exposure, as well the kind and concentration of chemicals and particles exposed to. Short-term effects include irritation to the eyes, nose and throat, and upper respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Others include headaches, nausea, and allergic reactions. Short-term air pollution can aggravate the medical conditions of individuals with asthma and emphysema. Long-term health effects can include chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, heart disease, and even damage to the brain, nerves, liver, or kidneys. Continual exposure to air pollution affects the lungs of growing children and may aggravate or complicate medical conditions in the elderly.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Best Buy
My title Page contents